The 2012 target: 6% below 1990 levels
Target reached: Data from the Québec inventory of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions indicates that in 2012, GHG emissions had been reduced by 8% compared to their 1990 levels. As such, Québec exceeded its self-set reduction goal for that timeline by 2%. A number of measures helped achieve this result, particularly those stemming from the 2006-2012 Climate Change Action Plan that was essentially funded through a levy on fossil fuels. The Action Plan ended on December 31, 2012 and had a total available budget of 1.2 billion dollars.
The 2020 target: 20% below 1990 levels
Québec took on an even more ambitious target for 2020: Reducing its GHG emissions by 20% below their 1990 levels. To succeed, it implemented a series of measures, including the carbon market, which spearheads government climate change action. All income from the market is transferred to the Green Fund (French) to support measures laid out in the Climate Change Action Plan and optimize benefits to Québec society. By 2020, in excess of 3 billion dollars will have been invested in Québec to support companies, municipalities and private citizens in transitioning to a low carbon world and better adapting to the impacts of climate change.
Other policies in areas such as energy, technological innovation, transport, public security and land management also contribute to achieving Québec’s objectives in the fight against climate change.
The 2030 target: 37.5 % below 1990 levels
Following hearings of a National Assembly parliamentary committee (French), Québec set itself a reduction target of 37.5% below 1990 levels by 2030. This is the most ambitious target in Canada, one that is consistent with the urgent need to act and with our will to develop Québec sustainably and responsibly.
In adopting this target, Québec held to the commitment it made alongside 10 other partner states and provinces of the Conference of New England Governors and Eastern Canadian Premiers (NEG/ECP) to a regional GHG emission reduction target of 35 to 45% below 1990 levels by 2030.
The 2050 objective: 80 to 95% below 1990 levels
Québec is a member of the Compact of States and Regions and a signatory to the Subnational Global Climate Leadership Memorandum of Understanding (Under 2 MOU) that aims at limiting global warming to less than 2°C, with a goal of reducing emissions by 80 to 95% by 2050, as has been recommended for industrialized countries by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).