Climate change is a worldwide problem that requires collective, concerted action. It is by working together that the nations of the world will be able to limit global warming to less than 2oC above preindustrial temperatures. The Government of Québec has taken the path of mobilization and is committed to contributing to the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
In this context, Québec plays a leading role within Canada and has been active for more than a decade in many organizations, partnerships and alliances that provide innovative and ambitious ideas to fight climate change.
As a result, Québec works closely with various international organizations that:
Promote climate change action by federated states and regions at the international level:
Québec is a member of the Climate Group* and co-chairs the States & Regions Alliance, an international network whose goal is to share best practices in order to accelerate the global transition to a low carbon economy.
Québec is also a member of the steering committee of the Network of Regional Governments for Sustainable Development (nrg4SD)* whose membership is made up exclusively of federated states and regions. Nrg4SD promotes biodiversity, sustainable development and the fight against climate change and also seeks the recognition at the international level of the commitments made by the subnational governments;
*These two organizations are recognized as official stakeholders in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change;
Québec is a member of the Conference of New England governors and Eastern Canadian premiers (5 Canadian provinces and 6 American states), a regional multisectoral coordination and cooperation forum. In 2015, The NEG-ECP adopted a regional GHG emission reduction target of 35% to 45% below 1990 levels by 2030.
Québec has joined the RegionsAdapt initiative, the first global commitment to support and report regional efforts to adapt to climate change. The initiative provides a framework for cooperation among regions that have varying experiences and capabilities with respect to adapting to climate change.
Support carbon pricing in the global economies:
Along with 74 other national and subnational governments, Québec signed the World Bank’s “Putting a price on carbon”, a statement that makes clear the importance of putting a price on carbon. The statement was presented at the September 2014 United Nations Climate Summit;
Québec joined the Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition (CPLC) that was established by the World Bank as a result of that statement. The CPLC’s mission is to create links among government, business and civil society leaders to implement efficient carbon pricing policies and mechanisms.
Promote carbon markets as effective tools to reduce GHG emissions:
As co-chair of the International Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP), Québec cooperates with states and public authorities that have set up greenhouse gas emission emissions trading systems or that are in the process of doing so, and exchanges views on best practices.
As a technical partner of the World Bank’s Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR), Québec works with 30 countries to assess, prepare, and implement carbon pricing instruments in order to scale up greenhouse gas mitigation. It also serves as a platform for countries to share knowledge and work together on cost-effective climate change mitigation actions.
Québec also collaborates with the non-profit International Emissions Trading Association (IETA), whose membership is composed of private-sector companies dedicated to the establishment of a functional international framework to facilitate the emergence of carbon markets throughout the world.
Limit climate warming to less than 2oC above preindustrial temperatures:
Encourage the development and use of zero-emission vehicles:
Encourage the development of other strategic partnerships:
Québec is a signatory of the International Alliance to Combat Ocean Acidification that aims to increase knowledge and help coastal communities to adapt to the impacts of this phenomenon.
Ontario: Québec and Ontario signed in September 2015 a Memorandum of Understanding focusing on concerted climate change actions and market-based mechanism. Its aim is to harmonize methods of data collection and inventory GHG emissions, to accelerate the transition to a low carbon economy, to collaborate on the linkage of Ontario’s carbon markets to Québec’s and California’ market and to intensify the collaboration on offset protocols.
Manitoba and Ontario: In December 2015, Québec signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Manitoba and Ontario on concerted climate change actions and market-based mechanisms.
Mexico: In October 2015, the Premier of Québec and the Federal Government of Mexico signed an Agreement (In French) to strengthen collaboration between the two governments regarding climate change and carbon markets.
Mexico and Ontario: In August 2016, Québec, Ontario and Mexico signed a Joint Declaration to collaborate in the fight against climate change. This declaration lays the foundation for the exchange of information and know-how on carbon-markets.
Switzerland: In January 2017, Québec’s prime minister and Federal President of the Swiss Confederation and Head of the Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications signed a Joint Declaration (in French) to increase cooperation between Quebec and Switzerland on energy and on the fight against climate change.