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Environmental Protection in Agricultural Areas

Fertilizing materials

The use of fertilizing materials is a common practice in agriculture. Fertilizing materials are mainly used to increase the amount of nutrients in the soil (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, etc.). Fertilizing materials come directly from the farm (livestock waste or other materials), from commercial suppliers, or from industrial or municipal activities (Fertilizing residuals).

Agri-environmental practices for managing fertilizers on farms help minimize the environmental impact of agricultural activities. Although the Agricultural Operations Regulation (REA) does not stipulate the practices farmers should adopt, it does set out certain standards for the management and spreading of livestock waste and other fertilizing materials. For more information: 


Watercourse protection and water quality and aquatic habitat improvement are key issues in agricultural areas. Considerable attention must therefore be given to fertilizer management and soil conservation with a view to preventing contamination of watercourses on the one hand, and riverbank protection in order to avoid degradation of the aquatic environment, on the other. For more information:

Greenhouse Gas

The agricultural sector contributes to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by, among other things, agricultural soil management, enteric fermentation, and manure management. Government implemented programs to enable farm operators to access funding to reduce their GHG emissions. For more information:


Biodiversity conservation in agricultural areas is important for preserving essential ecosystems. Québec’s agricultural land base is affected by this issue because it is home to a great number of animal and plant species. For more information:


In Québec, the agricultural sector is where most pesticides are used, which is why regulations on pesticide use in agricultural areas aim to ensure that producers take all the necessary steps and precautions in their use of pesticides. For more information:


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